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Country Basic Facts

 

YANGON

History
In 1755, King Alaungpaya (the founder of Kon-Baung Dynasty) accomplished his military campaign to reunite the whole of Myanmar, following his conquest of Dagon. At that time, Dagon was no more than a village or a small town. The king realized that the conquest of Dagon implied a total victory over Lower Myanmar because of its strategic location. Accordingly, he renamed the town Yangon which literally means end of strife. Afterwards, the town went by the name of Yangon for nearly a century. In 1851, however, the British annexation of Yangon resulted in getting the town refounded. And the name also was changed to Rangoon. Since then, the city has been designated as the capital of Myanmar and known to the world as Rangoon. The new city was modeled and constructed by Lieutenant Fraser, a British Officer of the Engineering Corps who, it was believed, also designed and constructed Singapore. The city was laid out on a chess-board pattern with wide roads running North to South and East to West.

The city lies where 16 19'N Latitude intersects 96 52'E Longitude. It now covers an area of about 500 square kilometers populated by nearly five million people.

A relatively simple city without skyscrapers, neon-lit clamor, crowded squalor and the pace of modern life, Yangon is attractive in its own special way. Towering over the city is the glittering world famous Shwedagon Pagoda with its spire rising to a height of 99.4 meter (326 ft.). It is the essence of Myanmar and a place that never fails to enchant. Other places worth visiting are the National Museum, the Natural History Museum, Marine Museum, Zoological Gardens, Kandawgyi (Royal Lake), Karaweik Hall and People's Square and People's Park.

Motor roads, rail roads, waterways and airways connect the city with the whole country. Yangon Port is the main gateway to the country for all imports and out of the country for all exports. It is handling 85% of the nation's overseas trade.

Climate
As Myanmar is situated in the tropical zone, Yangon has a very fertile alluvial soil. A year is divided into 3 distinct seasons in the region: namely, hot season, rainy season, and cool season. Temperatures often reach 33 degrees Centigrade in hot season. The city usually receives a high annual rainfall. In Yangon, the period from October to February is most enjoyable: the city blooms under the azure cloudless sky and the weather is pleasantly cool and dry with the fresh northerly winds.

Population: Nearly 5 million
Area: 223.217 sq.miles
Township 31 townships
Density: 13,880 per sq.miles (1991)

Economy And Industry
Yangon is the centre of the country's administration and economy and the city is usually vibrant with various commercial activities emanating from the delta area which is the rice bowl of the country. With the new economic policy of opening up the country to the outside commercial world, Yangon has witnessed rapid growth and expansion of trade in the private sector within last few years. More than 3,000 commercial firms, all located in Yangon, have been established so far. New hotels, motels, inns and private lodging houses as well as other amenities such as golf courses are under construction on a large scale. The Y.C.D.C which is the Capital's metropolitan authority.

 

 

 

 

 
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