SHIS QI 05, conjunto 20, casa 20 - Lago Sul

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Country Basic Facts



Myanmar had two constitutions in the past, one drafted in 1947, and other in 1974. The 1947 constitution which was drawn up while Myanmar was still a British colony, contained a clause on the right of secession of states which posed a great threat of disintegration of the Union. On the other hand the 1974 constitution was intended for one party socialist economic system. It is obvious that both the constitutions are not compatible with the present goals and objectives.

Therefore, striving for emergence of a new enduring State Constitution is one of the supreme tasks of the State Law and Order Restoration Council. It is also the belief of the SLORC that this task is prerequisite for safeguarding the disintegration of the Union, non-disintegration of national solidarity and perpetuation of national sovereignty.

Toward this end, the SLORC representatives met with elected leaders of the political parties and elected individual representatives in June and July 1992 to co-ordinate on matters relating to holding of the National Convention which would lay down the guidelines for the future constitution. The first meeting of the National Convention was held on 9 January 1993 and was attended by over 700 delegates from 8 strata of the society including representatives from the political parties, representatives-elect, national races, workers, peasants, intellectuals, service personnel, and specially invited guests. The SLORC also extended invitation to the armed groups that have returned to the legal fold.

The principal duty of the National Convention was to discuss, co-ordinate and present matters according to the six objectives for the formulation of a firm State Constitution. The six objectives are:-

  1. Non-disintegration of the Union;

  2. Non-disintegration of National Solidarity;

  3. Perpetuation of Sovereignty;

  4. For a genuine multi-party democracy system to flourish;

  5. For values such as justice, liberty and equality to flourish;

  6. For the Tatmadaw to be able to participate in national political leadership role of the future State.

The National Convention during its subsequent sessions, made considerable progress in its work of laying down these principles.

Up to the present, 71 National Convention plenary sessions have successfully been held. Through the process of the National Convention, Principles for a new Constitution - a constitution that will guarantee the political, economic and social aspirations of the national races and which is in consonant with the market-oriented economy - are now being laid down. Considerable progress has been made. It has accomplished the following through consensus:-

  • Identification of the 15 Chapter heading to be included in the new constitution.

  • 104 Fundamental Principles on which the constitution will be based.

  • The Chapter on State

  • The Chapter on State Structure

  • The Chapter on Head of State

  • Designation of self-administered divisions and zones

During the National Convention sessions held in March 1996, Chairman of the National Convention Work Committee presented papers to the National Convention on formation of the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary bodies to be included in writing the State Constitution.






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